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MAP居然还可以这样考!不只是英语这么简单!


贝赛思入学考试采用了MAP测试,很多同学,哪怕是英语很好的,都会感觉做起来很吃力,今天,我们一起来看看MAP阅读里面的一个考点:PLOT!
当我们在回忆一部电影或者是一部文学作品的时候,其中的台词或场景可能已经没有那么清晰了,但是我们会记得故事的情节。
情节往往是在观众或读者脑海中留下的最深的记忆,在我们去回忆这个故事的时候,去讲给别人听的时候,想起的就是故事的情节。


Leo, Jemma, and Grant went on a camping trip with their parents. They drove for an hour until they reached the nearest forest. They unpacked their equipment and set up their huge tent. Leo and Jemma volunteered to collect some logs and branches, while Grant and their parents prepared sandwiches for everyone. Leo and Jemma split up—Leo followed the colorful plants on the left and Jemma ran after a cute little squirrel on the right.

 

A half an hour later, Grant noticed that his siblings had not come back yet. Grant and his parents went looking for Leo and Jemma. They called their names and used their whistles to signal them. A few minutes later, they heard Jemma giggle from far away. They kept walking until they found her chasing a beautiful butterfly. She joined them and they all went looking for Leo. Leo was found a few minutes later, absorbed by the rare plants he had encountered on the way. The whole family went back to their tent, amused that the mission to find wood did not go as planned, but had at least turned out to be entertaining for Leo and Jemma.

 

 

Q: Which of the following sentences describes the plot of the story?

 

A. Leo and Jemma went to collect branches and did not come back. Their parents and brother went looking for them. They found them both, without any branches.

 

B. Leo, Jemma, and Grant went on a camping trip with their parents. Leo and Jemma went to collect some branches, while Grant and their parents prepared sandwiches for everyone.

 

C. Jemma was playing with a butterfly. Leo was absorbed by rare plants. The whole family went back to the forest to build a tent.

 

D. Leo and Jemma split up while looking for branches. Their parents and brother went looking for them. They called their names and used their whistles to signal them.

 

Plot定义



首先我们来看看情节Plot的定义:
Plot is a literary term used to describe the events that make up a story or the main part of a story.
情节是组成一个故事的事件,或故事的主要部分。通常,这些事件以一种模式或顺序相互关联。故事情节中事件如何组织也决定了小说的结构。 


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Plot主要元素

情节通常有5个主要元素:

 

Exposition or Introduction

这是故事的开始,人物(character)和场景(setting)都是在这里建立起来的。同时也介绍了冲突(conflict)或主要问题。

 

Rising Action

当一系列事件累积到冲突,这时发生的上升动作。事件开始变得复杂,人们遇到了兴奋、紧张或危机。

 

Climax

在高潮部分,也就是故事的主要情节,这里通常有一个转折点。这也是读者最感兴趣和最激动的时刻。

 

Falling Action

下降的动作或故事的结束,发生在事件和复杂情况问题开始解决的时候。

 

Resolution

是一个故事的结尾,可以是一个快乐的或悲惨的结局。

题目解析


题目解析

故事情节是贯穿整个故事的主要动作。

 

它从一个问题或一个情况开始,到问题解决或情况以某种方式解决时结束。

 

这个故事最主要的问题是Leo和Jemma去捡树枝没有回来,他们的父母和Grant去找他们,当他们都被找到时,问题就解决了。

 

因此,情节中需要包含这些信息。

 

正确答案是A。

 

文作者:尚楠老师(公众号:笔记猫),威学一百国际项目教学带头人,阅读名师,英国文学硕士,拥有英语剑桥大学CELTA英语教师资格证和美国TESOL国际英语教师资格证,9年教学经验,对英语阅读,欧美文学有着自己独特的见解。

贝赛思深圳(蛇口、福田)、惠州、广州、南京、杭州入学考试,都采用了MAP考试,威学一百也引进了MAP全真测评系统,广州和深圳校区接受家长预约上门测试MAP,如有需要,请扫码预约。


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